Audio Changer

You can see in the below photo Down and Percent Change. Accelerator: Audio Speed Changer Pro allows you to speed up audio files without affecting. Audiovox is a leading, global supplier of mobile and consumer electronics products and holds the #1 market share in RSE and more. It does nothing. Vista Audio Changer. Audio Speed Changer Pro 1. Definition and Usage. Implements the functionality of the Audio Shortcode for displaying (and playing) audio-files in a post. If you are running Windows Vista click here. REAPER is a complete digital audio production application for computers, offering a full multitrack audio and MIDI recording, editing, processing, mixing and mastering toolset. UA Audio Interfaces are the world’s most acclaimed professional recording interfaces for Mac and Windows — giving project and commercial studios superior A/D and D/A conversion with the tone, feel, and realtime workflow of classic analog recording. Nice feature but not for the price Amazon is asking. Audio Speed Changer is an app to change the playback speed of an audio file in real time. SAP is available on most stereo televisions and VCRs sold since 1990. Go to System - Sound. We produce news features and analyses on a variety of social, political, economic, development and cultural issues, involving the UN and its work. "AV Voice Changer Software can alter and create different voices to make voice-over and voice dubbing for audio/video clips, presentations, narrations, voice messages, voice mails, and more. Audio Speed Changer is a utility capable of increasing the speed of audiobooks and podcasts without having to change the tone. , i turned my Center/Subwoofer to front speaker out put so my rears are stereo just like my fronts and not speaker filled rubbish. MKV (matroska video) files often come with multiple audio and subtitle tracks. In Adobe Premiere Pro, we adjust the gain before doing anything else to the clip, and then individually adjust the different levels of the clips so they match throughout the program (Figure 4. Is there a way to do this with VLC. Select your streaming audio quality. Mapei’s full-length debut, Hey Hey, is set to release Aug 23 on Downtown Records. To avoid this, it is better to have an accelerator and Audio Speed Changer Pro is one of them. AV Voice Changer Software è dotato di una combinazione impressionante di registratori audio standard, lettori audio e lettori CD e Karaoke. The audios are often relative in size to the video. A sound server is a background process accepting sound input from one or more sources (processes, capture devices, etc. Specify the directory and the name of the output audio file and then click " Start Recording ". Seamlessly integrates with WordPress’ media manager to select audio and images. Step 1: Turn on Virtual Audio Device mode (VAD mode) Double-click on Voice Changer Software Diamond icon to run the program. In Dash 6 disc CD Changer Interior - OEM Toyota Accessory # 086010089100 (0860100872, 0860100891). Uploading is just the beginning: SoundCloud gives you the tools to level up your career. Narrator lets you use your PC without a display or mouse to complete common tasks if you’re blind or have low vision. The wave file completely changed. Is there a simple utility that can be used to delete audio tracks and/or change the default track? These are mostly mkv, but also some mp4 containers. The audio conferencing bridge answers a call for people who are dialing in to a meeting using a phone. I have performed, literally, thousands of modifications in my audio career. Keyframes are markers that you can add at specific points in a clip to change the volume at those points. setTargetAtTime(target, startTime, timeConstant) required startTime to use the currentTime from the Audio Context, not a relative time (we were using 0). Whether you demand audiophile quality, or you want fast access to a half million files, no other software will perform like JRiver does. Changing the pitch of audio is very helpful in some cases where you are hard to hear the audio because of the bad pitch. Get Audio Speed Changer Pro alternative downloads. After you added video or audio object to the scene, you need to open effects add mode. To change the sample rate and audio bit depth we need to edit the configuration file for the pulseaudio server /etc/pulse/daemon. If you know how much you want to change the speed of the audio in percent, enter that value here. One of the problems of Windows Vista is that it isn`t easy for users who have different audio inputs, like headphones or speakers. Voice Cloak Plus gives you a 5 band Equalizer, robot voice effects, flange, echo, pitchshift, and chorus! Create and record your own sound effects library! Change the way Voice Cloak Plus looks with cool skins to match your every mood!. 4 ghz 32 gigs ram, VEP6, 27" iMac 2. Intermittent audio, CD changer error, will not eject, accept or play CD's. Audio Troubleshooting Information Step-By-Step This document is designed to help you resolve any audio issues you may be having, and, failing that, help you collect information we can use to successfully diagnose and fix your problem. 100% Free, No download required. Easy-to-use audio file converter software optimized for best audio quality Music Converter | Professional audio quality Convert and encode music with professional audio quality to all popular audio file formats. Thankfully, on iOS, you can use Control Center to quickly change the device to which your iPhone is connected. However, if on my pc I go to "Control Panel"->"Sound"->"Recording"->"Advanced", it seems to show that my pc hardware will support 2 channel 16 or 24 bit and 44. The board is available as a kit, or you can order it pre-configured to a specific impedance and attenuation value. com FREE DELIVERY possible on eligible purchases. Mapei’s full-length debut, Hey Hey, is set to release Aug 23 on Downtown Records. If your audio, subtitles, or Netflix profile are entirely in the wrong language or a preferred language is missing on a title, it may point to an issue with the settings on your profile or device. Soundcard, P IV 1 GHz, 512MB RAM. It does not change the pitch. TwistedWave, an audio editor. The most downloaded time stretching and pitch shifting app in the Play store, now with élastique engine for professional sound quality. Submission failed. TwistedWave is a browser-based audio editor. Motor Synth is an analogue, electro-mechanical, digitally controlled synthesizer that uses a system of electromotors as its main sound source. If you are changing the audio sensitivity of an Arlo Pro Wire-Free camera, tap or click the base station that is connected to the camera whose audio sensitivity you want to change. A free online tool to slow down songs and transcribe music. World-class sound quality for superior recordings. 5mm cable and gets power from the USB, but the audio is coming through the USB instead of the 3. We are not automatically notified when new files arrive. MPEG Audio Tag ID3v1. AudioFormat. How to Change the Audio Output of a PC. 1) First, open your video manager page, and then click the Edit button next to the video that you want to change the music track and choose Audio from the drop down menu. If your audio, subtitles, or Netflix profile are entirely in the wrong language or a preferred language is missing on a title, it may point to an issue with the settings on your profile or device. Edit your audio or video in many aspects, like increasing or reducing audio volume, adding special effects, deleting any video or audio part, merging two or more audios or videos into one, etc. Changing the pitch of audio is very helpful in some cases where you are hard to hear the audio because of the bad pitch. wav audio format) on your system. Want to quickly switch between audio devices? Or how about controlling the volume without media keys? Check out the AudioSwitch 2. Bluebook The right price. com - How to Change Series My Church My History My Favorite Broadcasters My Favorite Speakers My Favorite Sermons My Favorite Videos My Favorite Series Notification Manager Sign in or signup. Seems there was an API change/fix so thath AudioParam. I have some movie files which have audio in 4 languages. Use the Adjust Length (change speed) feature to change the length of audio by speeding it up, or by slowing it down. The program can perform audio conversion between different audio file formats including WAV, MP3, WMA, FLAC, APE, Ogg Vorbis. Vista Audio Changer. Nickvoice add-ons Feel free to download add-on packages for your products. Voice Changer RoVee is a VoiceChanger / formant tweaking VST plugin that can convert voices like male to female, female to male, or create voice like Audio Effects. All the processes happen rapidly. Music Speed Changer allows you to change the speed of audio files on your device in real time without affecting the pitch (time stretch), or change the pitch without changing the speed (pitch shift). Skype Voice Changer Pro lets you transform the sound of your own voice with real-time effects or say anything using a computer generated voice. Script to change sound settings - posted in Windows XP Home and Professional: Hey all, have a question about writing some piece of code that would allow me to double click something on the desktop. The audio swapping tool allows you to add music to your video from a library of licensed songs. We are not automatically notified when new files arrive. By entering a value lower than 12, audio pitch is reduced. Downlaod MP3 Speed to Accelerate & Change MP3 Speed Now. Online Audio Converter. A sound center for your smartphone. Virus-free and 100% clean download. The “Audio Output” setting can only be changed if you are using a HDMI cable to your TV. AudioSource clip determines the audio clip that will be played next. Not all video players allow to select which audio and subtitle track you want to play. Virtual Audio Streaming makes changing system default audio device a breeze. This feature is only available in Skype for Windows, Mac and Linux. A sound center for your smartphone. Analog Audio Input (RCA Type) Hit List Store Frequently Played Tracks (32 Max. A Mercedes Benz CD player can develop operational problems which can often be resolved with some basic troubleshooting steps. The app supports all formats, processes your files quickly, and does not require. Tempo SlowMo is a practice tool for musicians, dancers and. Domio Pro transforms any helmet into a surround sound audio and voice communi | Check out 'Domio Pro: a game changer in helmet audio & comms' on Indiegogo. Plus, the audio files can be processed with the aid of. SAP is available on most stereo televisions and VCRs sold since 1990. Voice Cloak Plus gives you a 5 band Equalizer, robot voice effects, flange, echo, pitchshift, and chorus! Create and record your own sound effects library! Change the way Voice Cloak Plus looks with cool skins to match your every mood!. I talked to GROM customer support before the purchase and was impressed by them, this is another reason I went with the GROM unit. There are many online services where you can obtain audiobooks, but most of them are in MP3,. A site dedicated to format changes? Why not; what's more historic than when something begins or ends? The Format Change Archive is your home for airchecks of the beginnings and endings of some of the most historic radio stations (and some you may never have heard). The app supports all formats, processes your files quickly, and does not require. Whether you demand audiophile quality, or you want fast access to a half million files, no other software will perform like JRiver does. com FREE DELIVERY possible on eligible purchases. Warning: California Proposition 65: This product can expose you to chemicals including Toluene, which is known to the State of California to cause birth defects or other reproductive harm. I just really like it is all. This article walks you through how to change the sample rate of your audio in your choice of four different professional-grade audio software. It is especially useful if you're like me and have a sound card with speakers attached and a USB headset/headphones. The 13" MacBook Pros have only 1 audio jack, for both audio input and output, and you can chose between these 2 from the audio preferences. After playing a song, I can't use my mic. This PC program was developed to work on Windows XP, Windows Vista, Windows 7, Windows 8 or Windows 10 and can function on 32-bit systems. Your feedback in this community is greatly appreciated. 6 CD Changer, CD does not operate properly. Implements the functionality of the Audio Shortcode for displaying (and playing) audio-files in a post. We wanted to know more about how commercial fishers are experiencing signs of change in the places where they live and work, so we sat down to listen. In this post, we will mainly talk about how to change the audio track on your video to make your work all the more enchanting. Buy Cheap Audio Changer Now. In WonderPlugin Audio Player version 6. Online Audio Converter. Please try again in a few minutes. The app supports all formats, processes your files quickly, and does not require. It is primarily intended for accelerating audio books as well as podcasts, but can be surely used with any other sound track or file. Select your streaming audio quality. Features - Audio speed change. Ways to use the audio versions of articles from The Change Agent for reading instruction Improving Accuracy. Bluebook The right price. MP3s are created using different bit rates maintaining the original quality. Audio Speed Changer. After clicking Add to video and selecting an audio track, the name of the audio track will appear below the player in a highlighted bar. It currently converts between MP3, MP4/M4A, WMA, Ogg Vorbis, FLAC, AAC, WAV and Bonk formats. Back in your video application, import the audio file and place it on a new track. How To Change The Audio Source in Vista/7/8? The method of changing audio sources in Vista/7/8 differs than in XP. In fact, it may have already changed. Change video bitrate to 512, 640, 768, 894, 1000, 1200, 1500, 2000, 3000, 4000, etc. If you are running Windows Vista click here. On your iPhone, open the Apple Watch app, go to the My Watch tab, and tap Sounds & Haptics. Your online calls will be full of fun and a lot more interesting when you can chat in many other voices. Nick Voice is the simplest and fastest way to change your audio. Works well, speed is fast, sound is good. Start in the Edit Mode, on the page with the tile that you are going to edit. 5 8 Feb 2017 - Fixed bug no pitch-shifting bug on Chrome 56. How to Change Default Audio Output Device for Narrator in Windows 10 Narrator is a screen-reading app built into Windows 10. In the Wave format field, you can change the format of output wav such as sample per second (Hz), number of channels, bits per sample. Welcome to TEAC's customer support section. dBpoweramp offers a free no-obligation, fully functional trial for 21 days. The Web Audio API provides a powerful and versatile system for controlling audio on the Web, allowing developers to choose audio sources, add effects to audio, create audio visualizations, apply spatial effects (such as panning) and much more. With the Total Audio Converter you can convert MP3 to MP4 and a variety of other more flexible audio formats! By following a few easy steps, you'll have those MP3 files switched to MP4s in no time. A complete step-by-step guide. For example, you might want to rename a file called MyDocument. For some reason your suggested change could not be submitted. Audio Speed Changer Pro, free download. Midland Audio Exchange - West Midlands Quality Hi Fi Audio Specialist. To begin, click the "choose file" button to select the audio file from your computer that you would like to pitch shift. Voice Changer Software GOLD Voice Changer "With this software's advanced algorithms and support for a wide variety of audio formats I am able to create unique and. This page tries to provide a starting point for those who want to work with audio in combination with Python. This API is currently only implemented for ChromeOS. Panjiva ayuda a encontrar, evaluar y compradores de contacto de audio changer. Click the Control Panel button. We are now able to change the default audio device using the settings app as well as straight from the taskbar. ) command line utility that can convert various formats of computer audio files in to other formats. Russound delivers a complete range of multiroom audio systems, source equipment, volume controls, amplifiers, loudspeakers and intercom systems. A CD changer in a Mercedes Benz CD player contains a magazine, or cartridge, that stores multiple CDs and enables the user to play them in any order. Sonix transcribes podcasts, interviews, speeches, and much more for creative people worldwide. Audio in Python. I tried to do it in Windows Media Player in. EZ-Converter. Power Mixer is an advanced Windows audio mixer, a complete replacement for the standard Windows volume control. rtf to MyDocument. 1, but through a receiver and external speakers). Under his leadership, the MOON brand developed into a high-end audio “tour de force” with a world-class reputation for performance, build. Then in 1981, when an (then new) audiophile friend encouraged me to change the coupling capacitors in that same power amplifier (the Dynaco Mk. Is there a way to do this with VLC. Launch iTunes and insert a CD to rip. And from everything I hear, that’s the case with all of the major DAW software makers. The bit layout of the audio data is called the audio coding format and can be uncompressed, or compressed to reduce the file size, often using lossy compression. The Music-Audio task list. It can also apply various effects to these sound files, and, as an added bonus, SoX can play and record audio files on most platforms. Download Audipo - Audio Speed Changer - and enjoy it on your iPhone, iPad, and iPod touch. Is there any other standalone software that can change the voice of audio being played? I know there is a program that changes the voice of microphone input audio. Can't change playback settings on manage audio devices I cant change my playback settings on the audio settings, My laptop is connected through HDMI and has worked before, however lately when i press the set default button it does nothing. I have performed, literally, thousands of modifications in my audio career. Audiovox is a leading, global supplier of mobile and consumer electronics products and holds the #1 market share in RSE and more. For best results, the settings must match your settings in the Sound control panel in Windows. Welcome to CAM, a classifieds site for used audio and hifi. Edit, mix, convert or record sound files or mp3. Edit Audio Tags Automatically Roxio Edit Audio Tags Assistant can automatically add title, artist and genre information to your audio files - even those captured from Internet radio, LPs, tapes or streaming music services. Learning how to change an audio file to MP3 will provide you with virtually unlimited sharing and storing possibilities for your music and audio files. Default Audio Changer is a program that can change the default audio device on a Vista & Windows 7 OS-es. Seidman, Chris, "Game-Changer: Part 3 - The Inescapable Impact of Jesus" (2014). Nice feature but not for the price Amazon is asking. 75 5% Off | NewstYatour Digital Music CD Changer Car Audio MP3 Player For New Ford Quadlock Fakra 12 Pin 6000CD 6006CDC 5000C Fiesta Mondeo (Hot Offer 11. audio 2000's key changer AKM706 - Professional Digital Key Changer The Audio2000'S ® AKM706 unit is a professional digital key changer to be utilized to adjust the pitch of music or vocal sound for professional sound or leisure entertainment applications. The audio conferencing bridge answers a call for people who are dialing in to a meeting using a phone. Operation is logical and easy: open an audio or karaoke file on your computer hard drive, select the key change factor, click play, adjust the volume, then save it to the hard drive. Increasing numbers of Blu-rays are now released in 3D audio formats – but far too many customers don’t have the technology to support it. If you still have questions, connect with one of our support departments using the contact tab, above. You can also set the audio device as 'default device' or 'default communications device'. AudioSource clip determines the audio clip that will be played next. Features - Audio speed change. Panjiva ayuda a encontrar, evaluar y compradores de contacto de audio changer. And from everything I hear, that’s the case with all of the major DAW software makers. We not only carry the best brands, but we also offer the best service and most knowledgable staff to help guide you in the right direction for the best solution for your particular vehicle and situation. I felt that when I used the change speed option, I was getting too much chipmunk effect. Did you just feel something? Whatever the future of sound holds, you're going to want to be in-the-know about immersive audio. Vista Audio Changer sets the default output device by mimicing the "ALT+S" (Set Default) keystroke. Sound & Audio: Cant change audio. Change your voice and send. Browse our site to find all of the latest products at fantastic prices. Your feedback in this community is greatly appreciated. The app is useful for music dictation, music practice, language study ,dance practice , and listening to long audio etc. And it’s in every one of our Wave systems. The following are instructions for Windows XP: You can set the default microphone driver to "Screaming Bee Audio" by selecting from the MorphVOX Tools menu "Default System Microphone" and then click OK on the control panel dialog. VB-CABLE Virtual Audio Device. This audio speed changer supports lots of audio formats, namely, MP3, WAV, AIFF, OGG, etc. Use it for April Fools' Day or Halloween pranks too! Voicemod is the best free voice changer & soundboard software for Windows (coming soon for Linux and Mac OSX). We're looking at ways of detecting this. Launch iTunes and insert a CD to rip. 16 Voice Changer Software Diamond 9. The wave file completely changed. Crafted for pure musical performance. This PC program was developed to work on Windows XP, Windows Vista, Windows 7, Windows 8 or Windows 10 and can function on 32-bit systems. mkv is a Matroska container file and accepts video, audio and subtitle streams, so ffmpeg will try to select one of each type. You can also extract the audio track of a file to WAV if you upload a video. We have the OEM Nissan parts and accessories you need at the lowest possible prices. 8k Followers, 543 Following, 524 Posts - See Instagram photos and videos from Gamechanger Audio (@gamechanger_audio). This adaptor is designed to change an XLR input into an XLR output. Browse our site to find all of the latest products at fantastic prices. Naim Audio design & manufacture some of the finest high-end audio systems available in the world. Start in the Edit Mode, on the page with the tile that you are going to edit. 818-785-8085. The most downloaded time stretching and pitch shifting app in the Play store, now with élastique engine for professional sound quality. A site dedicated to format changes? Why not; what's more historic than when something begins or ends? The Format Change Archive is your home for airchecks of the beginnings and endings of some of the most historic radio stations (and some you may never have heard). Have a new song to learn but the singer is too fast to your liking? Well, for Android users, here are 4 awesome apps to change the speed of audio playback. The default audio playback device is the device that Windows uses to output (play) sound. Midland Audio Exchange - West Midlands Quality Hi Fi Audio Specialist. To avoid this, it is better to have an accelerator and Audio Speed Changer Pro is one of them. Cambridge Audio Support; USB Audio USB Audio. The Playing For Change "Songs Around The World" CD/DVD is now available at your neighborhood Starbucks and everywhere music is sold. You can use keyframes to reduce the volume of part of a clip, then raise the volume over time. Change your voice and send. EZ-Converter. Kundi jipya la muziki, Game Changer limeachia wimbo wao mpya uitwao, Umenimaliza. Want to reply to this thread or ask your own question? You'll need to choose a username for the site, which only take a couple of moments (). Fast one click free online audio converter which provides high quality. Sometimes, we may have issue in playing audio part of video with some players or media devices, though the video format is listed in supported media part. 5mm headphone jack, or Bluetooth. If no changes are made to the signal and a high-quality output is used, the output will be called 'Direct'. For nearly two decades Jean Poulin has been owner and chief executive. Audio Pitch Converter is free audio pitch changer software for Windows. In this article, we will understand the basic difference between Mono and Stereo audio settings and how to Switch between Mono and Stereo on Windows 10. ‎Change your music's tempo and pitch in realtime quick and easy. For example, you can change the volume of the output audio file. Listen to 150,000 of best sellers and new releases on your iPhone, iPad, or Android. If you constantly switch output devices on your Windows 10 system, you will be glad to know that there is a feature that will make your audio device switching needing much easier directly from the taskbar. The signal gets directly converted back into an analog audio signal. Generally you can record your voice with with the free Windows Voice Recorder, and then import the recording file into AthTek Free Voice Changer. audio pitch changer free download - Pitch Changer Free, Pitch Changer, Pitch Changer Plus, and many more programs. TwistedWave is a browser-based audio editor. Browse our site to find all of the latest products at fantastic prices. Our audio to video converter service enables you to convert mp3 to video, and many other types of audio to video, without downloading and installing software. ideal for music training) Tempo SlowMo 1. Panjiva ayuda a encontrar, evaluar y compradores de contacto de audio changer. music #repost • @russo. AV Voice Changer Software Diamond is waiting for all your audio stories, voice messages, and even music remix projects. Changing the Windows Media Player playback speed can slow down or speed up music and other sounds, without changing the pitch of the original track. How to Change the Audio Output of a PC. On the right, select the required device in the drop down list Choose your output device. Record Changers allow to stack records for automated uninterupted play. Welcome To The Format Change Archive. And thank you for taking the time to help us improve the quality of Unity Documentation. Car audio and electronics is our only business. All the processes happen rapidly. 5 degrees Celsius, Claudio Forner, from UN Climate Change in Bonn, told UN News in an interview that took place following the Climate Action Summit. Window Tinting; Paint Protection/Clear Bra; Vehicle Wraps; Blackout Kits; Our Portfolio. ), or just for music slow down or speed up. Just select an audio file, mark the region you want to play (and loop/repeat) and change speed and pitch on the fly. Now, you can change the BT name by yourself. Windows 10 provides a few different ways to adjust the default audio device, configure system events and change input/output devices. The Sounds, Speech, and Audio Devices window will appear. Now more than 10 years old! This site was originally for users of the good 'ole General MIDI (GM) and Yamaha's superior XG MIDI standard; specifically, the SYXG-50 and SYXG100 softsynths, now discontinued. [Linear PCM 2 Ch. Universal Audio bring new Apollo X interfaces to your desktop UA have updated the Apollo Twin MkII interface to bring it in line with the rest of their Apollo X range, creating the Twin X — and added the new x4. Any Voice Changer can be used in many scenes. You can even convert whole music libraries. Speakers with Chromecast built-in. Done properly the audio change will have no interruption in the audio or the call, and from the other parties perspective it should be largely unnoticeable other than perhaps a change in volume or sound quality depending on the variations between the Bluetooth audio and the iPhone built-in audio or speaker. DTV enables broadcasters to offer television with better picture and sound quality, and multiple channels of programming. The board creates a pad with a single value of attenuation. Welcome To The Format Change Archive. Just provide a URL for the audio you want to convert and choose one of the various target formats. It is connected to my. 1 in Studio One. How to Change Video Formats. Audio Speed Changer Pro is a professional software application whose purpose is to help you speed up audio files without changing the pitch. However, if you have an audio receiver or other sound setup, you may want to change your audio settings. Explore the full lineup of Audi Sport, SUVs, sedans, e-tron models & more. 1 channel, 2 channel/Stereo and Mono with Faasoft Audio Channel Converter (for Mac, for Windows), which is developed with a range of powerful features, including convert audio channel. This tool is useful for music training, transcription, instrument learning (piano, guitar, flute, etc. This device can be used with any. MSI Live Update to change hardware configuration – source; Some applications will ask you when you need to run in demo mode that does not conduct anything you will choose no and really run for the very first time. This makes it a great tool for practicing or transcribing music. Vista Audio Changer is a system tray application that can change the default sound output device in Windows Vista at the click of a mouse. Organizational features are common for 5-disc CD changers and up that will help you keep track of each CD and song, ensuring that you only get the audio that you want to hear. We produce news features and analyses on a variety of social, political, economic, development and cultural issues, involving the UN and its work. AV Voice Changer Software Diamond is waiting for all your audio stories, voice messages, and even music remix projects. REAPER is a complete digital audio production application for computers, offering a full multitrack audio and MIDI recording, editing, processing, mixing and mastering toolset. If no changes are made to the signal and a high-quality output is used, the output will be called 'Direct'. Meridian Audio The website uses cookies, which are text files placed on your computer. To start, run Roxio Creator, and then click “Audio” in the Project Pane. World-class sound quality for superior recordings. OUR OFFICES ARE CLOSED ON WEEKENDS.